Code of Research Publication Ethics







Article 1 (Title) The code of research and publication ethics of the Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment (KOSAE).

Article 2 (Aim) The purpose of this code is to expedite the publication process of KOSAE members; to prevent scientific misconduct such as falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, and dual submission; and to ensure reasonable reviewer assignment by the research ethics committee in the publication process.

Article 3 (Definition of a Fraudulent Article) This code outlines the rules for judging articles as fraudulent during the procedures of research, presentation, and publication.

       1. Forgery: an act of making up artificial or untrue research or results.
       2. Fabrication: an act of distorting content or a result by purposely creating untrue materials, making up artificial fabrications, and removal of

           true content for the purpose of deception.
           Plagiarism: an act of copying from an idea, book, and/ or research article conducted by others without a citation.
       3. Duplicated submission and publication: an act of submission or publication without reporting manuscripts describing essentially

           the same research in another journal or primary publication; or submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.

Article 4 (Procedure of Investigation) The research ethics committee can proceed toward a judgment of an allegedly fraudulent article by following the sub-codes shown below.

        1. Formal proposal: Once a fraudulent article is reported, the director of the research ethics committee confirms the total evidence concerning

            scientific misconduct by collecting materials; this is for the purpose of determining guilt.
        2. Convocation of a committee: The director of the research ethics committee lays a bill before the research ethics committee

            after finding proof of misconduct.
        3. Preliminary investigation of the research ethics committee: the research ethics committee accepts laying of the bill within 30 days after

            the preliminary investigation.
        4. Main investigation of the research ethics committee: the research ethics committee judges the laying of the bill within 60 days after

            the main investigation. For judgment, the committee can request the consultation of a professional from KOSAE or entrust

            an external professional. During the main investigation, the research ethics committee should allow a plea of innocence by the author(s) 

            of the allegedly fraudulent article.
        5. Decision: the research ethics committee makes a decision, by majority, and includes documents provided by committee members.
        6. Report to the board of directors: The director of the board reports the final judgment of the main investigation of the research ethics committee

            to the board of directors and establishes a plan for dealing with the fraudulent article.

Article 5 (Documentation and Proclamation) Investigation must be performed fairly by the committee and should be documented. Findings of the inquiry should be announced to KOSAE in the proper way.

Article 6 (Vote and Notification by the Board of Directors) The board of directors can vote to sanction based on the findings of the committee inquiry, and must notify external organizations or individuals of the sanction decision if needed.


Article 7 (A Formal Objection)
      1. Any researcher found guilty of scientific misconduct will be offered a right to provide a defense, argue against the allegation and to raise

          an objection in writing to the sanction of the committee within 30 days after the notice.
      2. The committee can review the validity of the objection and confirm or correct the sanction.

Article 8 (Identity Protection)
      1. The identity of the informer(s) alleging scientific misconduct should not be made public.
      2. The identity of individual(s) responsible for the alleged scientific misconduct should not be made public before the final decision.

Article 9 (Code Revision)
     Revision of this code should comply with the procedures of the code revision made by the KOSAE.
     (Supplementary Provision)
     This code is enacted after legislative day.